First called for by US President Eisenhower inthe principle that space would be used for peaceful purposes has been accepted for nearly 50 years. Still, little progress has been made towards achieving this ban, while space has become increasingly militarized and the US is taking steps to make space weapons a reality. The Vision for document published by US Space Command in was the first clear indication of US intentions for space weaponization.
Two other key principles noted the use of force, if needed to defend US interests: The United States considers space capabilities—including the ground and space segments and supporting links—vital to its national interests. Consistent with this policy, the United States will: Proposed arms control agreements or restrictions must not impair the rights of the United States to conduct research, development, testing, and operations or other activities in space for U.
The fear is that others will take a similar view using the rhetoric of protecting its own interest in space and encourage an arms race. For many, it may be shocking or disappointing that this might happen, but human history is littered with examples of poweful nations looking to consolidate their position to maintain their dominance which is a major reason for their wealth and success.
Back to top China and Space As noted further below, China is likely to be considered a possible adversary of the US in the future, and may be one of the countries that could threaten US dominance in space, even though for now it has constantly opposed the use of space for military purposes.
When China recently blew up one of its aging satellites with a medium-range ballistic missile, it caused mild panic and concern amongst US, UK and other circles.
The immediate Militarisation weaponisation and the prevention of was that China was slowly flexing its muscles and that an arms race was now underway. It was one of the first such acts since the s when the Soviet Union and the US did such things. This lack of openness is certainly a worry and smacks of hypocrisy for wanting a global treaty to ban weapons in space on the one hand and then using a weapon to blow up a satellite in space later.
It may indeed be that China is sincere in pursuing a global ban, but its lack of transparency has certainly diminished confidence in that idea. From the US perspective, the announcement of [US policy against a global treaty banning weapons in space] was clearly a response to a perceived threat from China as well as an attempt to preserve the current US advantage in space.
In addition, despite much of the mainstream media implying China had started an arms race, it could be thought that the US had already started it, and that unfortunately China decide to join in.
Furthermore, any talk of an immediate threat from China, or one that is not too far off, would seem irrational, as clearly the US arsenal far outweighs any Chinese capability for the short-term future. Thus, any intention China has would result in self-annihilation.
The concern the US has then is the longer term. US build-up in the region, fermenting alliances e.
As China and others increase in economic strength, investment in military and other such areas is going to increase. It is already recognized that China will be spending a lot more on military in coming years, but more to modernize rather than build up.
However, in that process, it will likely gain a lot more capability, so people are watching with caution. India too has been investing in more space-based technologies and nuclear programs, which the US has been keen to get involved in. India, for its part has been only too happy for such assistance, even at the risk of neighboring tensions.
Emphasis Added Most wars hot wars, trade wars, cold wars etc throughout history have had trade and resources at their core. See the Military Expansion part of this web site for more on that perspective. The military superiority of past and present nations has been to defend or expand such national interests.
The militarization of space by the USA, even when there has been an international agreement to use space for peaceful purposes, as mentioned above, begs the question why? On 16 JanuaryReagan announced that Nineteen eighty-four is the year of opportunities for peace.
War is Peace, as Orwell wrote in his satirical book [called ]. Peace through strength, peace through domination. It is clear to most of the world that the Son of Star Wars, the Nuclear Missile Defense option, is also not about defense, but it is another way for the US to exert its global hegemony.
Vijay Prashad, Shooting StarsJune 15, While the answer from US authorities is usually along the lines of defensive purposes as with the related issues of missile defense and star wars, as also discussed on this web site, in this sectionmany see the domination of space as the ability to maintain, expand and enforce those policies that will serve that national interest.
The US military explicitly says it wants to control space to protect its economic interests and establish superiority over the world.
Several documents reveal the plans. Take Vision fora report of the US Space Command, which coordinates the use of Army, Navy, and Air Force space forces and was set up in to help institutionalize the use of space.For nearly 50 years a norm has been upheld ensuring that space is a global commons to be used for peaceful purposes, and not for battle.
These lines have become increasingly blurred and development of ballistic missile defence threatens to violate this normative standard.
Weaponization of Space.
Outer Space Treaty and military use of space Weaponisation of space Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space The US Space Command notes that space is the new frontier - that "space is a region with increasing commercial, civil, international and .
China and Russia focused on the prevention of deployment and use of space weapons: the EU’s proposal is more broadly encompassing, intended to cover the . Pakistan pushes for efforts to prevent weaponisation of outer space at UN draft resolutions on the prevention of an arms race in outer space and on no-first-placement of arms in outer space.
The negotiations on the Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space (PAROS) 6 have been moribund for several years, particularly as a result of blocking by the USA, in opposition to China and Russia, which are favourable to the setting up of a new stricter legal framework.
Therefore, the US demonstration is altogether a highly political anti. Features / The Weaponization of Space JFQ 74, 3rd Quarter Defining and Regulating the Weaponization of Space By David C. DeFrieze The creative conquest of space will serve as a wonderful substitute for war.
Militarization, weaponization, and the prevention of an arms race The prevention of an arms race in outer space (PAROS) is a critical issue on the UN disarmament and arms control agenda. On the page, you can find links to definitions of key terms, information about relevant UN processes, and more. Preventing the Weaponization of Space: Options for moving forward. Tasneem Jamal March 31, it is within the CD that any decision should be taken regarding work on the prevention of an arms race in outer “Multilateral Approaches to Preventing the Weaponisation of Space,” Disarmament Diplomacy, No. 56, April. Krepon, Michael. Space law revisited: The militarization of outer space Outer space is becoming an arena for technological shows of force — whether by deployment of spy satellites or testing of weapons.