See Article History Alternative Titles: He was also the foremost proponent of sociobiologythe study of the genetic basis of the social behaviour of all animals, including humans. Wilson received his early training in biology at the University of Alabama B. At Harvard he was later Frank B.
This is primarily a list of Greatest Mathematicians of the Past, but I use birth as an arbitrary cutoff, and two of the "Top " are still alive now.
Click here for a longer List of including many more 20th-century mathematicians. Click for a discussion of certain omissions. Obviously the relative ranks of, say Fibonacci and Ramanujan, will never satisfy everyone since the reasons for their "greatness" are different.
Please e-mail and tell me! Following are the top mathematicians in chronological birth-year order. By the way, the ranking assigned to a mathematician will appear if you place the cursor atop the name at the top of his mini-bio.
Earliest mathematicians Little is known of the earliest mathematics, but the famous Ishango Bone from Early Stone-Age Africa has tally marks suggesting arithmetic.
The markings include six prime numbers 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19 in order, though this is probably coincidence.
By years ago, Mesopotamian tablets show tables of squares, cubes, reciprocals, and even logarithms and trig functions, using a primitive place-value system in base 60, not The Greeks borrowed from Babylonian mathematics, which was the most advanced of any before the Greeks; but there is no ancient Babylonian mathematician whose name is known.
Also at least years ago, the Egyptian scribe Ahmes produced a famous manuscript now called the Rhind Papyrusitself a copy of a late Middle Kingdom text. It showed simple algebra methods and included a table giving optimal expressions using Egyptian fractions.
Today, Egyptian fractions lead to challenging number theory problems with no practical applications, but they may have had practical value for the Egyptians.
The Pyramids demonstrate that Egyptians were adept at geometry, though little written evidence survives.
Babylon was much more advanced than Egypt at arithmetic and algebra; this was probably due, at least in part, to their place-value system. But although their base system survives e.
The Vedics understood relationships between geometry and arithmetic, developed astronomy, astrology, calendars, and used mathematical forms in some religious rituals. The earliest mathematician to whom definite teachings can be ascribed was Lagadha, who apparently lived about BC and used geometry and elementary trigonometry for his astronomy.
Apastambha did work summarized below; other early Vedic mathematicians solved quadratic and simultaneous equations.
Other early cultures also developed some mathematics. The ancient Mayans apparently had a place-value system with zero before the Hindus did; Aztec architecture implies practical geometry skills. Ancient China certainly developed mathematics, in fact the first known proof of the Pythagorean Theorem is found in a Chinese book Zhoubi Suanjing which might have been written about BC.
Thales may have invented the notion of compass-and-straightedge construction. Thales was also an astronomer; he invented the day calendar, introduced the use of Ursa Minor for finding North, invented the gnomonic map projection the first of many methods known today to map part of the surface of a sphere to a plane, and is the first person believed to have correctly predicted a solar eclipse.
His theories of physics would seem quaint today, but he seems to have been the first to describe magnetism and static electricity. Aristotle said, "To Thales the primary question was not what do we know, but how do we know it.Sir Isaac Newton, (born December 25, [January 4, , New Style], Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England—died March 20 [March 31], , London), English physicist and mathematician, who was the culminating figure of the scientific revolution of the 17th urbanagricultureinitiative.com optics, his discovery of the composition of white light integrated the phenomena of colours into the science .
Kepler was born on December 27, the feast day of St John the Evangelist, , in the Free Imperial City of Weil der Stadt (now part of the Stuttgart Region in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, 30 km west of Stuttgart's center).His grandfather, Sebald Kepler, had been Lord Mayor of the city.
By the time Johannes was born, he had two brothers and one sister and the Kepler . Johannes Kepler: Johannes Kepler, German astronomer who discovered three laws of planetary Biography of Johannes Kepler; Science Kids - Fun Science and Technology for Kids!
- Biography of Johannes Kepler our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Submit. Thank You for Your Contribution! Our editors will. Johannes Kepler was born in Germany in , in the middle of the Scientific Revolution.
The weak and sickly child was abandoned by his father Heinrich in early childhood. The weak and sickly child was abandoned by his father Heinrich in early childhood. Johannes Kepler Essay - Johannes Kepler was a German astronomer and mathematician who lived between Kepler was a Copernican and initially believed that planets should follow perfectly circular orbits (“Johan Kepler” 1).
Professor Omar M. Yaghi University of Berkeley (United States) Omar M. Yaghi is the James and Neeltje Tretter Chair Professor of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, and a Senior Faculty Scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.