They may be seeking protection from rival gangs or violent crime in general, especially when the police are distrusted or ineffective.
Why did she travel more than a thousand miles by bus and then ford the Rio Grande with a small band of desperate voyagers?
It was simple, the woman said. She had already lost two children in the gang-ridden horror that is El Salvador. Her fear, she said, was that the killers "wanted to wipe out the whole family. They did not make it. Barely an hour after they crossed into Texas, they were captured by the Border Patrol, separated and locked up.
On Thursday, the mom, her wrists and ankles in chains, was flown with about other would-be migrants back to El Salvador. Thousands of others are in the same situation, having fled from ultraviolent gangs in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala, only to be caught near the U.
President Donald Trump tweeted in June that "illegal immigrants, no matter how bad they may be In fiscal yearthe U. Border Patrol carried outdetentions of people who were in the U.
Customs and Border Protection statistics. Of those immigrants, 98 percent were Mexican, and only about 29, came from other countries.
Contrast that withwhen nearlyimmigrants from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras were caught on the border — and roughlyMexicans. A government official called the names of other returned migrants who were sitting in orange plastic chairs so their possessions in small mesh plastic bags could be returned to them.
Because of safety concerns, the woman spoke with The Associated Press only on condition she not be identified. Her long hair twisted into a bun, wearing tight jeans and a white T-shirt smudged across the stomach from the chains she wore on the deportation flight, she said she had no option but to return to her house.
She dreaded returning to a town where a cold-blooded gang exerts control, to a place where gang members routinely force young women into being sex slaves, and kill those who refuse. Even suspicion of being loyal to a rival gang is a death sentence.
Many victims of gangs are often buried in mass graves, never to be found. She was meeting a girlfriend, she said.
Four months later, her year-old son told her he was going to the store.
He too never returned, and the mother resolved to leave before she and her partner disappeared, as well. The barely controlled chaos of traffic zips past hotels, American fast-food restaurants, concrete office buildings and grassy traffic circles.
Those are places where young men who joined gangs in Los Angeles, or formed their own to protect themselves and their community of war refugees, took root after they were deported from the United States back to El Salvador. Today, youths loiter at these entrances with cell phones to send an alert if police or strangers enter.
Even La Chacra, the neighborhood or "colonia" where the immigration center sits behind high stone walls, is controlled by Mara Salvatrucha. MS, as the gang is also known, and the rival Barrio 18 gang have working-class neighborhoods divided up like a checkerboard. They extort money from those doing business in the neighborhoods.
Those who refuse to pay are killed.
|Outlaw Gangs – Legends of America||Contact History The emergence of gangs as a problem in Central America came after the end of the civil conflicts which occurred during the s Boraz. Although gangs existed in these countries before, they did not play as large a role in creating a sense of insecurity and fear.|
|Editors' Picks||Musgrove Gang — A gang of horse thieves and cattle rustlers who operated throughout Southern Wyoming and Northern Colorado in the late s. Frank Wolcott Red Sash Gang, aka:|
|Mafia of the Poor: Gang Violence and Extortion in Central America | Crisis Group||They may be seeking protection from rival gangs or violent crime in general, especially when the police are distrusted or ineffective. Many are attracted to a sense of family, identityor belonging.|
|6-fold increase in arrivals at U.S.-Mexico border||Red Sash Gang, aka: The gang most often preyed on the the many homesteaders of the area, frequently leaving dead bodies in their wake.|
|Subscribe to Crisis Group's Email Updates||Many school districts were reluctant to admit unaccompanied teenagers when they arrived from Central America, which left them home alone and vulnerable to gang recruitment. Common markings include "MS", "Salvatrucha", the "Devil Horns", the name of their clique, and other symbols.|
Uber driver Jose Antonio Avalos knows better than to drive into one of these colonias. Yet they continued to proliferate, even running operations with cell phones from behind bars. Members of those security forces contribute to the violence that is causing the northward migration.
Police and soldiers, operating both officially and in some cases with clandestine "extermination groups," are responsible for an estimated 10 to 15 percent of the threats and violence, according to non-governmental organizations.
Mere suspicion of belonging to a gang is enough to bring trouble. In January, police stopped Henry Cubias, 22, as he cycled home one night from his job as a night-shift doorman at an arts facility.
His aunt happened to walk by. His father and his mother — who was sick with cancer and had only one month left to live — confronted the police, who let him go, Cubias said. There are few options for those threatened by gangs. Moving to another town is usually only a short-term solution in El Salvador, which is smaller than the state of Massachusetts.Gangs in Central America Congressional Research Service Summary Congress has maintained an interest in the effects of gang violence in Central America, and on the expanding activities of transnational gangs with ties to that region operating in the United States.
"A courageous scholar, Brenneman has undertaken extensive interviews with former members of some of Central America's most lethal street gangs who have converted to evangelical and Pentecostal Christianity This well-written book reveals much about the appeal of contemporary evangelical churches.
U.S. President Donald Trump's crackdown on illegal migrants could end up worsening the security and economic situation in Central America as those deported return to countries ill-equipped to. Some 33, violent street gangs, motorcycle gangs, and prison gangs are criminally active in the U.S.
today. Many are sophisticated and well organized; all use violence to control neighborhoods. The deportees arrived in Central America with few prospects other than their gang connections; many were members of MS and another vicious Los Angeles group, the 18th Street Gang (which took the name Mara 18, or M, in Central America).
The emergence of gangs as a problem in Central America came after the end of the civil conflicts which occurred during the s (Boraz). Although gangs existed in these countries before, they did not play as large a role in creating a sense of insecurity and fear.