Financial ratio analysis of british airways for last 3 years

Operating ratios were evaluated over a five-year period. Our primary goal is to compare how well both companies operate in their respective market segments. On the one hand RA show a high OPM, which has increased from towithout any impact in the downturn period of end and These benefits made up until allowed for the acquisition of Buzz, a subsidiary of KLM with the relative impact now seen in their operating profit margin.

Financial ratio analysis of british airways for last 3 years

D Acquaye Student ID: Thomas, Virgin Atlantic and British Airways have locked horns, traded few blows and exchanged increasingly outrageous insults over past few decades. With biggest 3 rivalries in this cut-throat world of aviation industry, there have been price wars, dirty tricks and even fights for passenger beds and sickbags.

Gregory, Following analysis will review the financial performance of these two competitive giants from aviation industry. The main objective of this paper is to make comparison of financial performance of these two companies from the aviation sector through the determination of financial ratios analysis of both companies over a time period of 5 years.

Various ratios were taken into consideration while evaluating their performances. All the formulas implied and their calculations are provided in the appendix. As a consultant, we will be comparing and contrasting financial performance of two major airlines operating in United Kingdom namely British Airways BA and Virgin Atlantic Airways VA and evaluating which is worth investing in at the market price.

BA has changed their financial year from the Year with its financial year ending on 31 st December every year. On the other hand, VA changed its financial year last year with its financial year ending on 31st December every year.

Rational of Choice The rivalry between British Airways and Virgin Atlantic goes way long back, usually been sharp and sometimes even nasty. Irving, Factors like popularity of Airlines, size of operations, their intensity of rivalry and availability of data were considered while selecting British Airways and Virgin Atlantic for the financial analysis purpose in our paper.

Financial Ratio Analysis 4 Evaluations of financial statement of organizations are critically important for the purpose of assessment of performance of the organization over a time period and finally evaluation of investment choices and decisions. These financial ratios are also useful in evaluating financial health of the different businesses and consequently its performance and position in the particular industry.

The following report reflects the financial performance or position of BA and VA based on four principle areas: Investment Profitability Profitability measures the returns of the firm compare with sales, assets investment and equity. It is an indication of the efficiency with which the operations of concerns are carried out and best measures for evaluating management lies in controlling cost.

Stockholders have keen interest in profitability ratios because profit ultimately leads to the cash flow, a primary source for value of a firm. The following ratios might be used in evaluating profitability of the business: This ratio gives much narrower assessment compared to ROCE and hence gives the investor a deeper insight into the profitability of the business.

Virgin Strategic Management Analysis International Business

They are highly volatile as no consistency or trend can be seen. Both of the airlines performed very poorly during the Year Instead if the investors had kept that money in bank they would have received more interest compared to their returns of Both the carriers were hit badly by the crisis of arising from collapse of Lehman Brothers in USA and increasing uncertain microeconomics problems in Europe.

Major carriers like Air-France KLM even tried reducing capacities in order to meet up the cost of fuels and salaries.

Air France KLM, Unexpectedly both airlines achieved positive net profit in the Year which was fuelled by revenue generated from premium business travellers.

Financial Analysis: British Airways plc - urbanagricultureinitiative.com

For VA in Yearincrease in operational cost percentage was much higher than its revenue and this same trend followed in next year i. Year explaining its higher negative value of ROSF. Regarding VA, factors like operation costs, debt financing, and other financial expenses played key role in reducing its net profit figure significantly.

Both companies improved inBA showed much more better performance compared to VA. This ratio expresses the relationship between net profits generated by the business in a particular time period and the long term capital invested in the business during that time period.

It indicates the efficiency and profitability of capital investment. The value of ROCE should be always greater than the rate at which the company borrows else any increasing in borrowing rate reduces shareholders return.

However, the main drawback of this ratio is the fact that it does not take depreciation and amortization of capital employed into account. At a glance from above table, one can easily conclude BA did much better than VA over last 5 Year time period.

Both companies did not reflect positive result during the recession period of Year However, both of them managed and showed improving sign in the Year 7and credit goes to revenue from the premium travellers.

Compared to VA, they enjoyed only positive ROCE in the Yearthanks to the profit they made during that year from the premium business travellers.

VA has persistently incurred loss because of their unfortunate cost bases which will be examined later on the analysis. The Net Profit Margin is the indication of an ability of management to operate a business with sufficient success. Khan and Jain, Higher value of the Net Profit Margin suggests that a firm has ability to control its costs or it has acquired solid competitive advantage within the industry which is not threatened by the cost-cutting competitors.

Similarly a firm with lower value of net profit margin suggests its inability to control the cost or other firms within the industry are offering lower prices which can reduce its competitiveness.

Both carriers were hit badly by the downturn of economic crisis showing effect in their net profit margin. This does not necessarily means their management team failed in maintaining operational efficiency or effectiveness. However both of them improved in the Year showing positive Net Profit Margin indications.Neymar's PSG Transfer and the Break-Even test 2 Aug Neymar’s likely transfer to PSG clearly raises a number of FFP issues.

UEFA’s FFP rules require club losses to be kept within E30m over a three-season period.

Financial ratio analysis of british airways for last 3 years

EAC ECM05EFA BA & AF Financial Analysis | 11 To sum up the year using the words of BA’s chairman from the annual statement (British Airways Plc, , p.4): “We are in the grip of a devastating global economic downturn and the next year will be extremely difficult for us.”.

Published: Mon, 5 Dec RYANAIR is an Irish based low cost airline which specialises in short-haul flights and has its headquarters at Dublin Airport, Ireland, and with primary operational bases at Dublin Airport and London Stansted Airport . British Airways VS Ryanair Essay Sample Both British Airways (BA) and Ryanair (RA) are successful airlines at the top of their respective markets.

BA is a more traditional, long haul full service carrier, while RA is part of the new bread of short haul, low cost, low frills carriers. financial information, fundamentals and company reports including full balance sheet, profit and Loss, debtors, creditors, financial ratios, rates, margins, prices and yields.

Cochrane works collaboratively with contributors around the world to produce authoritative, relevant, and reliable evidence, in the form of Cochrane Reviews.

Financial Ratio Analysis of British Airways – The WritePass Journal : The WritePass Journal