Keckler, University of New Mexico, finding a clear deterrent in the death penalty for those who murder and do not fear prison. The Case of Illinois," by Dale O. It is found that these actions are coincident with the increased risk of homicide incurred by the residents of Illinois over the 48 month post-event period for which data were available. The increased risk produced an estimated additional homicides during the post-event period.
The juglet contained a reddish oil. It is believed to be the only surviving sample of the balsam oil that Against the death penalty essay conclusion prescribed in the Torah for anointing the Mishkan Tabernacle and its vessels, as well as the Cohanim-Priests and Kings of Israel.
The oil, when found, had a honey-like consistency. The juglet in which it was found was wrapped in palm leaves and carefully concealed in a 3-foot deep pit which preserved it from looting and the extreme climatological extremes of the area.
In AprilVendyl and his team discovered kilos of "reddish-brown organic substance" in a carefully sealed rock silo in another part of the Qumran cave complex. Subsequent palynological analysis determined that this reddish-brown substance contains traces of at least eight of the eleven spices that were used in the manufacture of the Pitum HaQetoret Incense Mixture and burned in the Temple.
A sample was also given to Rabbi Ovadiah Yoseph.
Rabbi Ovadiah had his own chemist analyze the mixture to confirm its organic nature. Then both rabbis requested that Vendyl Jones "burn" some of the incense for scientific purposes not with fire but with hydrochloric acid. At their suggestion, he had the spices combined together with the Sodom Salt and Karshina Lye which were also found stored separately in the cave in Qumran.
The results were astonishing. Although the spices had lost some of their potency over the two millennia since their burial, it was still powerful. The residue of its fragrance lingered in the vicinity for several days following the experiment.
Several people present reported that their hair and clothing retained the aroma. More amazing, the area in which the spices were burned changed. It had been infested with a variety of flies, ants, moths and other insects. After the Qetoret was burned, no sign of these pests was seen for quite a while.
This is reminiscent of the Mishnah in Avot 5: InI met Vendyl Jones and began working with him. For the last decade he has been trying to unravel the secret of exactly which ingredients and processes were used to formulate the finely ground Qetoret [Incense].
He has done this working in close association with and under the rabbinical guidance of Rabbi Menachem Burstein, the foremost Jewish authority on the botany and chemistry of Temple artifacts. In order to sidestep the strict prohibition against experimentation with the various plant materials in their original form see belowRabbi Burstein has advised him that there is no prohibition whatsoever against enjoying the essential oil extracts of these same botanicals.
At last report, Avraham has been able to authenticate and obtain nine of the original eleven incense spices, and produce them in the form of essential oils. They represented spiritual levels of closeness to G-d. The same is true of the Anointing Oil and the Qetoret. What, then, are the implications of these and other finds?
Might they be a signal to us, portents of good things to come, parts of a larger drama that is unfolding here in the Land of Israel -- not only all around us, but deep down at the root of our very souls?
Remember what it signified: Eight is the power that can arouse us out of our collective slumber. Similarly, by getting back in touch with the mystery of the Qetoretby unearthing its ancient secrets, we can awaken something else in ourselves that is sorely needed at this time.
Come let us explore the deeper meaning of the Qetoret in our time. G-d spoke to Moses, saying: Take the finest spices, [shekels] of distilled myrrh, [two] half portions, each consisting of [shekels] of fragrant cinnamon and [shekels] of fragrant cane, and shekels of cassia, all measured by the sanctuary standard, along with a hin of olive oil.
Blend it into a compound, as made by a master perfumer, [made especially for] the sacred anointing oil. With it, anoint the Communion Tent, the Ark of the Testimony, the Table and all its utensils, the Menorah and its utensils, the Incense Altar, the Elevation Altar and all its utensils, the Washstand and its base.
Sanctify them thus, giving them the highest degree of holiness [Kodesh Kadashim], so that anything touching them becomes sanctified.Death penalty is a human rights violation.
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