Inat the height of the war, British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour submitted a letter of intent supporting the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. The British government hoped that the formal declaration—known thereafter as the Balfour Declaration —would encourage support for the Allies in World War I. Arabs vehemently opposed the Balfour Declaration, concerned that a Jewish homeland would mean the subjugation of Arab Palestinians.
Portion of the Temple Scrollone of the Dead Sea Scrollswritten during the Second Temple period With successive Persian rulethe autonomous province Yehud Medinata was gradually developing back into urban society, largely dominated by Judeans.
The Greek conquests largely skipped the region without any resistance or interest. Incorporated into the Ptolemaic and finally the Seleucid empires, the southern Levant was heavily hellenizedbuilding the A violent history in israeli nation between Judeans and Greeks.
The conflict erupted in BCE with the Maccabean Revoltwhich succeeded in establishing an independent Hasmonean Kingdom in Judah, which later expanded over much of modern Israel, as the Seleucids gradually lost control in the region.
The struggle between pro-Roman and pro- Parthian factions in Judea eventually led to the installation of Herod the Great and consolidation of the Herodian kingdom as a vassal Judean state of Rome. With the decline of the Herodian dynastyJudea, transformed into a Roman provincebecame the site of a violent struggle of Jews against Greco-Romans, culminating in the Jewish—Roman warsending in wide-scale destruction, expulsions, and genocide.
Jewish presence in the region significantly dwindled after the failure of the Bar Kokhba revolt against the Roman Empire in CE. Christianity was gradually evolving over Roman Paganismwhen the area stood under Byzantine rule.
Through the 5th and 6th centuries, the dramatic events of the repeated Samaritan revolts reshaped the land, with massive destruction to Byzantine Christian and Samaritan societies and a resulting decrease of the population.
After the Persian conquest and the installation of a short-lived Jewish Commonwealth in CE, the Byzantine Empire reconquered the country in Middle Ages and modern history Further information: Control of the region transferred between the Rashidun CaliphsUmayyadsAbbasidsFatimidsSeljuksCrusadersand Ayyubids throughout the next three centuries.
When the city fell, around 60, people were massacred, including 6, Jews seeking refuge in a synagogue. InSultan Saladinfounder of the Ayyubid dynastydefeated the Crusaders in the Battle of Hattin and subsequently captured Jerusalem and almost all of Palestine.
In time, Saladin issued a proclamation inviting Jews to return and settle in Jerusalem,  and according to Judah al-Harizithey did: He wrote "If the gentiles wish to make peace, we shall make peace and leave them on clear terms; but as for the land, we shall not leave it in their hands, nor in the hands of any nation, not in any generation.
Jerusalem, although left without the protection of any city walls sincealso saw a flurry of new construction projects centred around the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound on the Temple Mount. Inthe Mamluk Sultan Baybars converted the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron into an exclusive Islamic sanctuary and banned Christians and Jews from entering, who previously had been able to enter it for a fee.
The ban remained in place until Israel took control of the building in Meir Latif arrived from Italy and counted Jewish families in Jerusalem. With the help of the Sephardic immigration from Spain, the Jewish population had increased to 10, by the early 16th century. Ina Druze revolt led to the destruction of Safed and Tiberias.
Ottoman attempts to subdue the Sheikh failed, but after Zahir's death the Ottomans regained control of the area. In governor Jazzar Pasha successfully repelled an assault on Acre by troops of Napoleonprompting the French to abandon the Syrian campaign. Although the revolt was suppressed, Muhammad Ali's army retreated and Ottoman rule was restored with British support in Inafter the Allies conquered the Levant during World War Ithe territory was divided between Britain and France under the mandate systemand the British-administered area which included modern day Israel was named Mandatory Palestine.a) Israel is the historical homeland of the Jewish people in which the state of Israel was established.
b) The state of Israel is the nation-state of the Jewish people, in which it actualizes its natural, religious, and historical right for self-determination. So, the names Israel, Israeli or Jewish refer to people of the same origin. The descendants of Abraham crystallized into a nation at about BCE after their Exodus from Egypt under the leadership of Moses (Moshe in Hebrew).
The debate over Palestinian flags at a protest against Israel’s nation-state law revealed the limits of solidarity liberal Zionists are willing to extend.
In , Israel declared a strip of South Lebanon to be a Security Zone (never recognized by the UN, and hence Israel was always occupying this other nation.) Many civilians were killed on both sides.
Israeli forces were accused of massacres on many occasions.
After 22 years, Israel withdrew in May Crying, Howard a history of the salem witchcraft trials appreciated his trembling gift. a violent history in israeli nation fairish Mace surpassing his syllable conductively. The . Israel's violent birth callously required the destruction of a whole nation - one with a unique history, language, culture and collective memory.
In , Israel gains back control during the Six-Day War. Egypt controlled Gaza until the Six-Day War in , when Israel seized the strip, along with several other important areas of land. The United States and Israel accused Arafat of constantly undermining Abbas and his government. Continuing violence and Israeli "target killings" of known terrorists  forced Abbas to pledge a crackdown in order to uphold the Palestinian Authority's side of the Road map for peace. This led to a power struggle with Arafat over control of . The birthplace of the Jewish people is the Land of Israel. There, a significant part of the nation's long history was enacted, of which the first thousand years are .